Fermented Plant Extracts and making your own nutrient line

Discussion in 'Organic Soil' started by Hashshashin, Mar 27, 2010.

  1. Dunge

    Dunge Well-Known Farmer

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    I got this one.
    AN = Advanced Nutrients (one of the many companies selling expensive grow juice for our favorite plants)
     
  2. justiceman

    justiceman Farmer

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    Man I keep checking back to see if this thread has blown up. I really like this concept and I'm extremely interested. Is it imperative to use fresh or dried seaweed in the PFE?

    I'm not so sure AN means advanced nutreints. I think it has more to do with the FPE itslef. I could be wrong though.
    AN(?) FPE(Fermented Plant Extract) LB(lactobacillus)


    Yo Hashshashin! Got any more recipes? They sound great so far. This may sound like a stupid question since we are talking organics but do the PFE require any type of PH adjustment considering they have a low PH around 3.5 if I'm not mistaken. Also do you know if the slight amount of alcohol produced has any beneficial/harmful effects on soil or plants?
     
  3. leadsled

    leadsled GrowRU

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    AN = Ascophyllum Nodosum
     
  4. I have rabbits.

    Would a cup or two of composted bunny doo help my soil web?....not just the nutrient value, but microbials.

    There are myco webs all over/in the bunny poo. Its about 6 months old.

    I use EWC and Alaskan Humus in my soil along with store bought bene's.

    Could this add to....or possibly replace... the store bought bene's?
     
  5. dextr0

    dextr0 Well-Known Farmer

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    Justice the fermenting process brings the ph down. Thats how you know when the FPE is ready.

    some quotes i took from a convesation between two dudes:

    "I took 1 part of seed meal that I use and added to that 3 parts of a combination of rice hulls, rice bran and fir wood chips. I added the correct amount of AEM (Activated EM-1) and set it aside to ferment.

    When it hit <3.0 pH (actually it hit 2.8 pH when it was finally finished) I added this to the soil mix instead of the regular fertilizer mix. The amount that I added was 10% of the total humus content (EWC, thermal compost and Alaska Humus) and with such a low pH one would expect to see all kinds of problems what with 'nute lockout' and others horrors of growing cannabis."

    "Let it ferment down to < 3.5 pH and you'll know that you're up and running."

    ...Also your diluting your culture 1:20 parts water. So i would think the alcohol level would be minimal if any.
     
  6. justiceman

    justiceman Farmer

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    Yo leadsled thanks for the AN description.

    Good info dextro! So a low PH for FPE is a must. Good to know. This subject is quite interesting to me. I like your post on different microorganism cultures. Hell this is getting really interesting. Also about those FPE of fruit like papaya. Do they cover plant macro nutrition(NPK etc.) or do they cover secondaries and catalyst actions(cal, mag, sugar, vitamins, humates, enzymes etc)? Also if using calcium phosphate what is a good option to make your own magnesium supplement?

    And of course if you have any recipes dextro I wouldn't mind if you posted them hehe.

    I find these recipes quite informative hashshashin. The first was pretty straight forward on the measurements about AN, except it doesn't say how much molasses you should add. Mind enlightening me?

    Also what are the amounts of fish, humics, and sawdust(carbon) for the second recipe?

    And if you have any other recipes PLEASE post them. I would really like to check them out if possible!
     
  7. dextr0

    dextr0 Well-Known Farmer

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    To my understanding depending on what plant (or matter ie..fish) we use to extract we will be getting certain amino, enzymes, minerals, vita, etc... Also from what ive been reading what we use to break these down will affect end product. This is what got me interested in the first place also. As I have had good results with my AACTs but always felt something was missing since I had to keep resorting to bottled ferts to make quick fixes. The thing is Organic matter is not always readily available to our plant and has to be broken down by microbes before hand. This takes time and when your having a deficiency right now that does little help...Comes in the FPE. By breaking down organic matter before hand we have something that is more readily available to our plant and does not take the extra time needed because its already broke down.

    Heres a npk list a dude named sophisto pasted on another site that ive been thinking about...

    Alfalfa Hay: 2.45/05/2.1
    Apple Fruit: 0.05/0.02/0.1
    Apple Leaves: 1.0/0.15/0.4
    Apple Pomace: 0.2/0.02/0.15
    Apple skins(ash) : 0/3.0/11/74
    Banana Residues (ash): 1.75/0.75/0.5
    Barley (grain): 0/0/0.5
    Barley (straw): 0/0/1.0
    Basalt Rock: 0/0/1.5
    Bat Guano: 5.0-8.0/4.0-5.0/1.0
    Beans, garden(seed and hull): 0.25/0.08/03
    Beet Wastes: 0.4/0.4/0.7-4.1
    Blood meal: 15.0/0/0
    Bone Black: 1.5/0/0
    Bonemeal (raw): 3.3-4.1/21.0/0.2
    Bonemeal (steamed): 1.6-2.5/21.0/0.2
    Brewery Wastes (wet): 1.0/0.5/0.05
    Buckwheat straw: 0/0/2.0
    Cantaloupe Rinds (ash): 0/9.77/12.0
    Castor pomace: 4.0-6.6/1.0-2.0/1.0-2.0
    Cattail reeds and water lily stems: 2.0/0.8/3.4
    Cattail Seed: 0.98/0.25/0.1
    Cattle Manure (fresh): 0.29/0.25/0.1
    Cherry Leaves: 0.6/0/0.7
    Chicken Manure (fresh): 1.6/1.0-1.5/0.6-1.0
    Clover: 2/0/0/0 (also contains calcium)
    Cocoa Shell Dust: 1.0/1.5/1.7 Coffee Grounds: 2.0/0.36/0.67
    Corn (grain): 1.65/0.65/0.4
    Corn (green forage): 0.4/0.13/0.33
    Corn cobs: 0/0/2.0
    Corn Silage: 0.42/0/0
    Cornstalks: 0.75/0/0.8
    Cottonseed hulls (ash): 0/8.7/23.9Cottonseed Meal: 7.0/2.0-3.0/1.8
    Cotton Wastes (factory): 1.32/0.45/0.36
    Cowpea Hay: 3.0/0/2.3
    Cowpeas (green forage): 0.45/0.12/0.45
    Cowpeas (seed): 3.1/1.0/1.2
    Crabgrass (green): 0.66/0.19/0.71
    Crabs (dried, ground): 10.0/0/0 (I personally just crush the shells with my foot)
    Crabs (fresh): 5.0/3.6/0.2
    Cucumber Skins (ash): 0/11.28/27.2 ( WOW!!!! Who knew???)
    Dried Blood: 10.0-14.0/1.0-5.0/0
    Duck Manure (fresh): 1.12/1.44/0.6
    Eggs: 2.25/0.4/0.15
    Eggshells: 1.19/0.38/0.14
    Feathers: 15.3/0/0
    Felt Wastes: 14.0/0/1.0
    Field Beans (seed): 4.0/1.2/1.3
    Feild Beans (shells): 1.7/0.3/1.3
    Fish (dried, ground): 8.0/7.0/0
    Fish Scraps (fresh): 6.5/3.75/0
    Gluten Meal: 6.4/0/0
    Granite Dust: 0/0/3.0-5.5
    Grapefruit Skins (ash): 0/3.6/30.6 (And people throw these things away? Wow!)
    Grape Leaves: 0.45/0.1/0.4
    Grape Pomace: 1.0/0.07/0.3
    Grass (imature): 1.0/0/1.2
    Greensand: 0/1.5/7.0
    Hair: 14/0/0/0
    Hoof and Horn Meal: 12.5/2.0/0
    Horse Manure (fresh): 0.44/0.35/0.3
    Incinerator Ash: 0.24/5.15/2.33
    Jellyfish (dried): 4.6/0/0
    Kentucky Bluegrass (green): 0.66/0.19/0.71
    Kentucky Bluegrass (hay): 1.2/0.4/2.0
    Leather Dust: 11.0/0/0
    Lemon Culls: 0.15/0.06/0.26
    Lemon Skins (ash): 06.33/1.0
    Lobster Refuse: 4.5/3.5/0
    Milk: 0.5/0.3/0.18
    Millet Hay: 1.2/0/3.2
    Molasses Residue
    (From alcohol manufacture): 0.7/0/5.32
    Molasses Waste
    (From Sugar refining): 0/0/3.0-4.0
    Mud (fresh water): 1.37/0.26/0.22
    Mud (harbour): 0.99/0.77/0.05
    Mud (salt): 0.4.0/0
    Mussels: 1.0/0.12/0.13
    Nutshells: 2.5/0/0
    Oak Leaves: 0.8/0.35/0.2
    Oats (grain): 2.0/0.8/0.6
    Oats (green fodder): 0.49/0/0
    Oat straw: 0/0/1.5
    Olive Pomace: 1.15/0.78/1.3
    Orange Culls: 0.2/0.13/0.21
    Orange Skins: 0/3.0/27.0 (Right up there with Grapefruit. Note: both can attract fruit flies so, bury them in the compost)
    Oyster Shells: 0.36/0/0
    Peach Leaves: 0.9/0.15/0.6
    Pea forage: 1.5-2.5/0/1.4
    Peanuts (seed/kernals): 3.6/0.7/0.45
    Peanut Shells: 3.6/0.15/0.5 (I grind them up in the food processor first)
    Pea Pods (ash): 0/3.0/9.0 (I cut them up with a pair of scissors while shelling them)
    Pea (vines): 0.25/0/0.7
    Pear Leaves: 0.7/0/0.4
    Pigeon manure (fresh): 4.19/2.24/1.0
    Pigweed (rough): 0.6/0.1/0
    Pine Needles: 0.5/0.12/0.03
    Potato Skins (ash): 0/5.18/27.5
    Potaote Tubers: 0.35/0.15/2.5
    Potatoe Vines (dried): 0.6/0.16/1.6
    Prune Refuse: 0.18/0.07/0.31
    Pumpkins (fresh): 0.16/0.07/0.26
    Rabbitbrush (ash): 0/0/13.04
    Rabbit Manure: 2.4/1.4/0.6
    Ragweed: 0.76/0.26/0
    Rapeseed meal: 0/1.0=2.0/1.0=3.0
    Raspberry leaves: 1.45/0/0.6
    Red clover hay: 2.1/0.6/2.1
    Redrop Hay: 1.2/0.35/1.0
    Rock and Mussel Deposits
    From Ocean: 0.22/0.09/1.78
    Roses (flowers): 0.3/0.1/0.4
    Rye Straw: 0/0/1.0
    Salt March Hay: 1.1/0.25/0.75
    Sardine Scrap: 8.0/7.1/0
    Seaweed (dried): 1.1-1.5/0.75/4.9 (Seaweed is loaded with micronutrients including: Boron, Iodine, Magnesium and so on.)
    Seaweed (fresh): 0.2-0.4/0/0
    Sheep and Goat Manure (fresh): 0.55/0.6/0.3
    Shoddy and Felt: 8.0/0/0
    Shrimp Heads (dried): 7.8/4.2/0
    Shrimp Wastes: 2.9/10.0/0
    Siftings From Oyster Shell Mounds: 0.36/10.38/0.09
    Silk Mill Wastes: 8.0/1.14/1.0
    Silkworm Cocoons:10.0/1.82/1.08
    Sludge: 2.0/1.9/0.3
    Sludge (activated): 5.0/2.5-4.0/0.6
    Smokehouse/Firepit Ash:0/0/4.96 (I put the ashes from my smoker in the pile)
    Sorghum Straw:0/0/1.0
    Soybean Hay: 1.5-3.0/0/1.2-2.3
    Starfish: 1.8/0.2/0.25
    Sugar Wastes (raw): 2.0/8.0/0
    Sweet Potatoes: 0.25/0.1/0.5
    Swine Manure (fresh): 0.6/0.45/0.5
    Tanbark Ash: 0/0.34/3.8
    Tanbark Ash (spent): 0/1.75/2.0
    Tankage: 3.0-11.0/2.0-5.0/0
    Tea Grounds: 4.15/0.62/0.4
    Timothy Hay: 1.2/0.55/1.4
    Tobacco Leaves: 4.0/0.5/6.0
    Tobacco Stems: 2.5-3.7/0.6-0.9/4.5-7.0
    Tomatoe Fruit: 0.2/0.07/0.35 (A note on tomatoe fruit: These should be hot composted. I just let any rotted or insect eaten tomatoes compost in the soil beneath the plants and have "freebees" come back each consecutive year. Hot composting will kill the seeds.)
    Tomatoe Leaves: 0.35/0.1/0.4
    Tomatoe Stalks: 0.35/0.1/0.5
    Tung Oil Pumace: 6.1/0/0
    Vetch Hay: 2.8/0/2.3
    Waste Silt: 9.5/0/0
    Wheat Bran: 2.4/2.9/1.6
    Wheat (grain): 2.0/0.85/0.5
    Wheat Straw: 0.5/0.15/0.8
    White Clover (Green): 0.5/0.2/0.3
    Winter Rye Hay: 0/0/1.0
    Wood Ash: 0/1.0-2.0/6.0-10.0 (A note on Wood ash: Wood Ash can contain chemicals that could harm plants and also carcinogens so, they should be composted in moderation)
    Wool Wastes: 3.5-6.0/2.0-4.0/1.0-3.5



    I dont know yet but ill get back to u on this because im planing on making and using some soon.

    How to make EM-FPE (Fermented Plant Extract)
    For centuries extracts have been used as elixirs for all sorts of ailments. Individuals would seek out certain plant materials that were known for their beneficial properties and ferment them to extract the desired benefits. This same technology can be used to extract properties from plants such as geranium to make a citronella extra for keeping away mosquitoes. Hot peppers and garlic are also known for their pest-deterring properties. If you incorporate companion planting (basil with tomato), you may find a winning combination to give the effect you want.

    Weeds and other green material can be recycled into an organic foliar spray and insect repellent. During fermentation EM-1 is able to ferment weeds and extract organic acids, bio-active substances, minerals, and other useful organic compounds from these materials which are able to promote plant growth and repel diseases or insects.

    What you will need:

    A clean airtight plastic container, bucket or large tank with lid*
    EM-1
    Sugar Cane Molasses
    Water (use good water, preferably activated with EM-X ceramics)
    Chopped, fresh weeds & herbs
    Gauze or cloth for filtering
    A measuring cup and large spoon for stirring
    pH paper to check pH
    Fermentation aids include a non-metallic heating rod and a airlock.

    *Please wash container thoroughly and do not use a glass container to avoid rupturing the container caused by gas production during the fermentation process.


    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Recipe:

    5 % EM-1
    5 % Sugar cane molasses
    45 % Fresh, chopped plant material like weeds & herbs
    45 % Water


    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Example to make a 20 litre bucket of EM-FPE:

    1 l EM-1 (you must use EM-1, don't use EM-A!)
    1 l Sugar cane molasses
    9 l Water (use good water, preferably activated with EM-X ceramics)
    9 l (1-2kg) Fresh, chopped plant material like weeds & herbs**


    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    If you need different amounts of EM-FPE, use our EM-FPE Calculator


    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Instructions:

    Cut fresh weeds and chop up well (2-5 cm pieces)
    Put chopped weeds into bucket
    Fill the molasses with some hot water (approx. 60-80°C) and the remaining water (total approx. 40°C) into the plastic bucket
    Add the EM-1 to the mix
    Cover the top of bucket with black plastic bag and press down the lid on it
    Put weight on the lid. Take care to push out extra air from the bucket
    Store bucket in a warm place (20-35 °C), away from direct Sunlight
    Fermentation begins, gas is generated within 2-5 days, depending on temp
    Stir the weeds in the bucket regularly to release the gas
    The EM-FPE is ready for use when pH of solution is below 3.5 (this should take between 7-10 days). Put EM-FPE into plastic bottles after removing weeds by filtration with gauze or cloth
    EM-FPE should be stored in a dark, cool place at uniform temperature, but not in a refrigerator or in bright sunlight
    Use EM-FPE within 3 months

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    Spray on plants at 1:500 to 1:1000
    Spray on soil (to suppress disease) at 1:100 to 1:500
    ** use plants and herbs like: mugwort, artemisia, clover, nettle, camomile, borage, dandelion, vervain, sage, thyme, rose-leafs - you could also add a few garlic cloves and chili pods.
     
    Aaelariadeu and Goodsen Cranium like this.
  8. Jack Dupp

    Jack Dupp Well-Known Farmer

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    Hello all,

    I started the process to make EM using rice wash 9 days ago, and do not see any separation in my jar. I followed the directions posted earlier.

    Anyone have experience with this? Should I pitch it, or wait longer.

    My method: One handful of organic rice in a 16 oz. mason jar. Filled 3/4 with filtered water, shaken until cloudy. Strained out rice, replaced rice wash in jar. Jar placed in cupboard above refrigerator, with lid on (leaving small gap). The jar is out of light and in a stable temp.

    Thanks.
     
  9. phenotyper

    phenotyper Well-Known Farmer

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    This is a fantastic thread. I am subscribing to see future recipes. I really want to try the Liquid Karma-esque recipe.

    How well would it work to use the AN recipe along with mixing in other beneficials, like dried seaweed and spinach?
     
  10. dextr0

    dextr0 Well-Known Farmer

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    Jack what is it looking like??
    anything like this?? [​IMG]
     
  11. jack_ripa

    jack_ripa New Farmer

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    Ok, funny true story along these same lines. When I was gardening I weeded my vege garden and all the weeds n a wheelbarrow. Well, where we lived it was prone to rain for a week at a time and it did. Well, when I finally went back out I found that my wheelbarrow was full of water and weeds. I forgot about it for about two weeks on the side of my tomatoes until one day when I was applying fish ferts to my tom rows my daughter who was about 4 at the time poured the entire barrow onto the tomatoes I hadn't fertilized yet. Long story short....the ones that got the weed juice went NUTS.

    I have been a believer ever since. My theory now is, look at what is working and try to imitate what is happening. So I look around my garden, I don't plant wheat anymore, I just lay wheat straw between my rows of corn and then plant somewhere else next year. As soon as I stop walking on them the wheat grows out from under the corn waste and goes crazy with the broken down corn compost.

    Great thread, love the culture recipes, thanks.
     
  12. Jack Dupp

    Jack Dupp Well-Known Farmer

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    dextr0 - thanks for the reply.

    I was unable to open your picture. Here is a photo from this morning.
     
    LactoBac1.jpg
  13. justiceman

    justiceman Farmer

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    Sweet info dextro thanks! That NPK list is key no doubt man. Oh man the options are endless. I love it.
     
  14. dextr0

    dextr0 Well-Known Farmer

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    Jack you should put some holes in it if you going to have the top ring on, just make sure you dont get anything falling in there. Kinda cover the holes with some cloth or somethin.
     
  15. Jack Dupp

    Jack Dupp Well-Known Farmer

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    I have the lid (without screw top) covering the top with about a 1/16 inch gap.

    It is also placed in a cupboard which is dark.

    The picture was to show what my rice wash looks like after 9 days. In other pictures I have seen, there is quite a bit of activity on top of the wash in about 5 days. Like cheese or something.

    Mine has zip.

    The rice I used was organic brown sweet rice. It was stored in my refrigerator. Maybe I need to kick start fermentation with some organic beer or soy sauce?
     
  16. dextr0

    dextr0 Well-Known Farmer

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    ^^^yea i know your mix looks like the finished product minus the top part that u scrape off. I was just suggesting more breathing. Most times ive seen this done the people used WHITE RICE. Im not positive that makes a big difference but...
    Do you know the ph??
     
  17. Jack Dupp

    Jack Dupp Well-Known Farmer

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    dextr0-
    I just checked the PH with a GH Test kit (the kind with the drops) and it came out around 8.0.
    I'm thinking it's time to scrap this and try again.
     
  18. dextr0

    dextr0 Well-Known Farmer

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    ^^^try white rice. Started mine yesterday and im already getting the top. I washed same rice twice with same water just for the hell of it. I think this is way better then one wash.
     
  19. Jack Dupp

    Jack Dupp Well-Known Farmer

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    Thanks dextr0, I'll pick up some tomorrow and try it.
     
  20. slunk

    slunk New Farmer

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    Great thread! I need to do this. I purchased some EM, have made bokashi and AEM, yet still have a bunch remaining. Bokashi Composting is amazing. Next time, I'll try the rice wash to create my own EM.