Ozone in your reservoir.

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Living dead girl
I've used ozone in reefkeeping scenarios. It's dangerous, oxidizes everything. I haven't read the pdf, care to c&p it here?


sure .. ill def post up the text, although u will have to click on the pdf to see the diagrams, i didnt originally post cause its weird formating. as you can see

A look at ozone in hydroponics applications
A case study of how ozone can make a difference in tomato crop yield.

The use of ozone for hydrogen sulfide
removal is not uncommon; thousands of
residential wells and small community
drinking water systems rely on ozone
technology to achieve a number of
water treatment goals, including
oxidation of other inorganic
contaminants such as iron and
manganese, disinfection and oxidation
of organic micropollutants.
Just when you’re certain you have heard
of every possible water treatment
scenario, along comes another.
This article profiles a hydroponic (See
side, What is hydroponics?) operation
in Northwest Ohio that supplies fresh
winter tomatoes to local grocery stores
and restaurants.
Anatomy of the problem
Rejection rates had reached 40 percent
(largely from a condition known as
blossom end rot) and fertilizer use was
inordinately high.
A complete water analysis was
performed, revealing the culprits; the
source water had a pH of 7.8, it’s
Oxidation Reduction Potential (ORP)
was an extremely low –177 mV and it
contained 60 parts per million (ppm) of
hydrogen sulfide.
Based on the water analysis results, the
grower and fertilizer supplier theorized
that the hydrogen sulfide was blocking
the fertilizer, prompting the excessive
use of fertilizer and poor crop yields.
It was also believed that low
dissolved oxygen levels in the water
contributed to limited plant growth and
the blossom end rot was caused by the
high pH.
Characterized by dime-sized brown
spots, blossom end rot is the result of
insufficient calcium in the flower end of
the fruit. The grower believed that the
bacteria feeding off the hydrogen
sulfide was contributing to an extremely
high organic load, which in turn was
driving up the pH. The high pH
condition was inhibiting the transfer of
calcium from the water to the fruit.

The water
The tomato plants grown in this two
year-old hydroponics operation are
housed in a single 40’ x 60’ greenhouse.
The source water comes from a 100’
deep well pumped at 10 gallons per
minute (gpm) into a pressure tank.
The drip system uses water
continuously at two gpm, but peaks at
eight gpm when chemical fertilizers are
The fertilizer supplier was aware of
some hydrogen sulfide in the water and
had made several attempts to counteract
its affect on fertilizer consumption.
However, the water itself had remained
untreated prior to the ozone system
Why ozone?
The grower’s water treatment dealer
suggested the use of ozone technology
because it could economically resolve a
number of the treatment challenges
posed by the source water.
Sixty ppm of hydrogen sulfide
represented a serious problem in itself,
and it could be traced to the root of
other troubles. For example, water with
high levels of hydrogen sulfide is
oxygen-deficient, providing favorable
conditions for the growth of anaerobic
Also, water with low dissolved oxygen
content does not allow for vigorous
plant growth.
Ozone is effective for removing
hydrogen sulfide without leaving
chemical byproducts. At the same time,
the dealer knew ozone could raise the
ORP level of the water and provide
disinfection through oxidation of
organic contaminants.
Also, the use of an oxygen-fed ozone
system would introduce higher levels of
dissolved oxygen into the water. In
addition to reducing the hydrogen
sulfide level, the dissolved oxygen
would help promote plant health and
inhibit the proliferation of some
waterborne anaerobic bacteria.
Picking the right system
Using a sizing formula to compute
ozone output requirements, the dealer
determined that an air cooled, corona
discharge ozone generator would
produce the desired water treatment
The air preparation system supplying
the ozone generator is a pressure swing
adsorption (PSA) oxygen concentrator
that produces 90 percent + oxygen at
eight standard cubic feet per hour
At that flow rate, the ozone generator is
producing 10 grams per hour at 5
percent concentration (by weight).
The ozone system also features an
electrical interlock box, which allows
the grower to monitor such critical
functions as oxygen flow to the ozone
generator and vacuum produced by the
The interlock box also includes a
stainless steel solenoid valve for
positive backflow protection.
Raw water from the well flows at 10
gpm into the pressure tank. A flow
switch - located downstream from the
filter - triggers an off-delay timer,
which starts the 3/4 horsepower,
stainless steel ozone system booster

This application is somewhat
unique in that the booster
pump is located downstream
of the ozone injector/venturi
rather than upstream. This
allows the system to operate
more efficiently by using a
comparatively small booster
pump to drive a larger
The booster pump actually
pulls the water past the
ozone injection point rather
than the more common
arrangement that has the
pump pushing the water
through the venturi.
The ozone system is
plumbed in a side stream
configuration. The booster
pump pulls approximately 90
percent of the raw water from
the pressure tank, through
the ozone injector and into a
120-gallon contact tank.
Ozone is drawn into the
water under vacuum, created
by a pressure differential
across the venturi. Water
enters the venturi at 40 - 60
psi and leaves at 10 - 30 psi.
From the contact tank, the
ozonated water enters a tee,
where a portion flows toward
the filter and the remainder is
recirculated past the ozone
injection point and back to
the contact tank.

With a recirculation rate of
approximately 20 gpm and a
use rate of 2 gpm, the water
is allowed ample ozone
contact time. The posttreatment
filter is filled with
two cubic feet of a proprietary
mixed media.
It has been more than two
years since the ozone
system was installed and it
continues to deliver positive
Figure 2 shows the very clear
difference between the
original raw water and the
post-treatment water.
Hydrogen sulfide was
eliminated completely – from
60 ppm to zero ppm.
The ozone system was able
to dramatically reduce the
organic load in the water,
which had a direct
influence on the water’s
pH (lowered from 7.8 to 7.04) and ORP ( raised
from –177 mV to a +225
The significant changes to
the overall water quality
paved the way for vast
improvements in crop
production results.
Rejection rates of 40
percent were reduced to
less than 3 percent and
fertilizer costs have been
cut by at least 50 percent.
The interval from planting
to first harvest was
shortened by 28 days,
contributing to an
impressive increase in
total yield of more than
300 percent.
With improved yields and
reduced operating costs,
the grower’s return on
ozone system investment
was just six months.

"From the September 2002 edition of Water Technology magazine"

I thought it was an interesting application with the venturi being utilized with negative pressure. Kinda like the UC, different application but, somewhat the same too.


Living dead girl
Interesting way to make a venturi, but as long as you've got that spot where high pressure suddenly becomes low and an intake at least linked to that spot, you can make a venturi.

So, I dig what they're doing here. Source water has that H2S issue and they're treating the raw water. I'm going to assume the ozone generator is in a safe housing, perhaps in the well house or building. The real key here, though, in regards to the question about using O3 in a reservoir, is again the oxidation potential (or redox) with that atom that wants to attach to something. If it's just water you're purifying/treating/making, that's ok, but if you are putting other chemicals, many that likely have the potential to oxidize, then you are potentially changing the basic chemistry of the nutrients, again, depending on their affinity for that extra oxygen atom.

One thing, though, I must confess--I love the smell of ozone. :o

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